The Ghost Forest

    Isaac Newton’s Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica was published July 5, 1687. Dolly the sheep, the first mammal cloned from an adult cell, was born July 5, 1996. Astronomer A.E. Douglas was born July 5, 1867. He studied the connection of sunspot cycles and tree growth rings, founding modern dendrochronology. The study of tree growth rings reminds […]

Ghosts in the Machine

Ectoplasm and Enumeration   The Art of Statistics On June 8, 1887, Herman Hollerith, founder of the company that was to become IBM, applied for patent #395, 781 for his punched card calculator for what he called the Art of Compiling Statistics.  His innovation would cut the processing time of the 1890 census considerably and set […]

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